Mental Illness: Understanding Common Conditions and Their English Names


Mental illness is a prevalent issue worldwide that affects individuals of all ages and backgrounds. It is crucial to be familiar with the English names of various mental illnesses to enhance awareness and facilitate communication. In this article, we will explore some common mental illnesses and their corresponding English names, providing a brief overview of each condition.

1. Depression:

Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is a mental illness characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and a loss of interest in activities. It can significantly impact daily life and overall wellbeing.

2. Anxiety Disorders:

Anxiety disorders encompass various conditions, including generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, and phobias. These disorders involve excessive worrying, fear, and avoidance of certain situations or objects.

3. Bipolar Disorder:

Bipolar disorder, previously called manicdepressive illness, is a mood disorder characterized by extreme shifts in mood, energy levels, and activity levels. Individuals with bipolar disorder experience alternating episodes of mania (elevated mood) and depression.

4. Schizophrenia:

Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects an individual's thinking, emotions, and behavior. It may cause hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, and a lack of motivation.

5. ObsessiveCompulsive Disorder (OCD):

OCD is an anxiety disorder characterized by intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors (compulsions) intended to alleviate anxiety. People with OCD often feel compelled to repeat certain actions or have specific thoughts to reduce distress.

6. PostTraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD):

PTSD develops after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event. Individuals with PTSD may experience flashbacks, nightmares, severe anxiety, and avoidance of situations that remind them of the trauma.

7. AttentionDeficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):

ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically diagnosed in childhood. It involves difficulty sustaining attention, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity. ADHD can persist into adulthood, affecting various aspects of life.

8. Eating Disorders:

Eating disorders, such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and bingeeating disorder, involve unhealthy attitudes and behaviors towards food and body weight. They can have severe physical and psychological consequences.


Understanding the English names of common mental illnesses increases awareness and facilitates communication. However, it is essential to note that mental illnesses are complex and vary in severity and manifestation among individuals. Encouraging empathy, seeking professional help, and promoting mental health awareness are vital steps towards supporting those struggling with mental illness.

Remember, seeking guidance from mental health professionals is crucial if you or someone you know experiences symptoms associated with mental illnesses mentioned here or any other related concerns.

(Note: This article provides a brief overview and should not be considered a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.)